The dreaded Boko Haram sect since its reared its ugly head in 2009 has killed over 10,000 innocent Nigerians and destroyed properties worth billions of naira.
What started as an attack on government institutions more than five years ago was to later degenerate into a more sophisticated attack targeting schools, churches, mosques, community and government building.
Below is a timeline of various attacks resulting in deaths by the sect since 2009. Although it does not capture the entire attacks carried out by the sect, it does take a look at some of the major ones the country has see the the reign of terror began.
11-12 June 2009: BH leader Mohammed Yusuf threatens reprisals in a video recording to the president following the killing of 17 BH members in a joint military and police operation in Borno State. This was after a disagreement over BH members’ alleged refusal to use crash helmets while in a funeral procession to bury members who had died in a car accident.
26 July 2009: BH launches a short-lived uprising in parts of the north, which is quelled by a military crackdown that leaves more than 800 dead – mostly sect members, including BH leader Mohammed Yusuf. A mosque in the capital of Borno State (Maiduguri) that served as a sect headquarters is burnt down.
7 September 2010: A group of BH gunmen free over 700 inmates including around 100 sect members from a prison in Bauchi. Four people including a soldier, one policeman and two residents were killed in the raid.
24 and 27 December 2010: A series of attacks claimed by BH in the central city of Jos and Maiduguri kill at least 86.
29 December 2010: Suspected BH gunmen shoot dead eight people in Maiduguri, including the governorship candidate of the ruling All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) in Borno State.
27 May 2011: A group of around 70 suspected BH gunmen kill eight people including four policemen in simultaneous gun and bomb attacks on a police station, a police barracks and a bank in Damboa, Borno State, near the border with Chad.
29 May 2011: Three bombs rip through a beer garden in a military barracks in the northern city of Bauchi, killing 13 and wounding 33. BH claims responsibility.
6 June 2011: Muslim cleric Ibrahim Birkuti, critical of BH, shot dead by two motorcycle-riding BH gunmen outside his house in Biu, 200km from Maiduguri.
7 June 2011: Attacks on a church and two police posts in Maiduguri, blamed on the sect, leave at least 14 dead.
16 June 2011: BH targets national police headquarters in Abuja, killing two.
20 June 2011: Seven people including five policemen killed in gun and bomb attacks on a police station and a bank in Kankara, Katsina State.
27 June 2011: BH’s gun and bomb attack on a beer garden in Maiduguri leaves at least 25 dead and dozens injured.
July 2011: Government says it will open a negotiation panel to initiate negotiations with BH.
3 August 2011: The government rejects negotiations with BH.
25 August 2011: Gun and bomb attacks by BH on two police stations and two banks in Gombi, Adamawa State, kill at least 16 people, including seven policemen.
26 August 2011: BH claims responsibility for a suicide bomb blast on the UN compound in Abuja, killing 23 people.
1 September 2011: A shootout between BH gunmen and soldiers in Song, Adamawa State, kills one sect members while another is injured and captured.
4 September 2011: Muslim cleric Malam Dala shot dead by two BH members outside his home in the Zinnari area of Maiduguri.
12 September 2011: Seven men, including four policemen, are killed by BH gunmen in bomb and shooting attacks on a police station and a bank in Misau, Bauchi State. The attackers rob the bank.
13 September 2011: Four soldiers shot and wounded in an ambush by BH members in Maiduguri shortly after the arrest of 15 sect members in military raids on BH hideouts in the city.
17 September 2011: Babakura Fugu, brother-in-law to slain BH leader Mohammed Yusuf, is shot dead outside his house in Maiduguri two days after attending a peace meeting with Nigeria’s ex-President Olusegun Obasanjo in the city. BH denies any involvement in the incident.
1 October 2011: A butcher and his assistant are killed by BH gunmen at Baga market in Maiduguri in a targeted killing. In a separate incident, three people are killed in a shoot-out following BH bomb and shooting attacks on a military patrol vehicle delivering food to soldiers at a checkpoint in Maiduguri. All three victims are civilians.
3 October 2011: Three killed in BH attacks on Baga market in Maiduguri, Borno State. The victims included a tea-seller, a drug store owner and a passer-by.
23 Oct 2011: BH members kill a policeman and a bank security guard in bombing and shooting attacks on a police station and two banks in Saminaka, Kaduna State.
23 Oct 2011: Sect members open fire on a market in the town of Katari in Kaduna State, killing two.
25 Oct 2011: A policeman is shot dead in his house in a targeted attack by BH gunmen in Damaturu.
29 Oct 2011: BH gunmen shoot dead Muslim cleric Sheikh Ali Jana’a outside his home in the Bulabulin Ngarnam neighbourhood of Maiduguri. Jana’a is known to have provided information to security forces regarding the sect.
November 2011: BH says it will not dialogue with the government until all of its members who have been arrested are released.
2 Nov 2011: A soldier on duty is shot dead by sect members outside Maiduguri’s main market.
4 Nov 2011: The motorcade of Borno State governor Kashim Shettima comes under BH bomb attack in Maiduguri on its way from the airport to the governor’s residence as he returns from a trip to Abuja. Around 150 are killed in coordinated BH bombing and shooting attacks on police facilities in Damaturu and Potiskum in Yobe State. Two BH suicide-bombers blow themselves up outside the military Joint Task Force headquarters in Maiduguri in a botched suicide attack.
9 Nov 2011: BH members bomb a police station and the office of Nigeria’s road safety agency in Maina village, Borno State. No one is hurt.
27 Nov 2011: A Borno State protocol officer in the office of the governor is shot dead by motorcycle-riding sect members while driving home.
4 Dec 2011: A soldier, a policeman and a civilian are killed in bomb and gun attacks on police buildings and two banks in Azare, Bauchi State. BH open fire at a wedding in Maiduguri, killing the groom and a guest.
7 Dec 2011: An explosion linked to BH kills eight in the Oriyapata district of Kaduna city.
13 Dec 2011: A bomb attack on a military checkpoint by BH and resulting shooting by soldiers in Maiduguri leaves 10 dead and 30 injured.
30 Dec 2011: Four Muslim worshippers are killed in a BH bomb and shooting attack targeting a military checkpoint in Maiduguri as worshippers leave a mosque after attending Friday prayers.
26 Nov 2011: Three policemen and a civilian are wounded in BH bomb and shooting attacks in Geidam, Yobe State. Six churches, a police station, a beer parlour, a shopping complex, a high court, a local council building and 11 cars are burnt in the attacks.
17 Dec 2011: A shootout between sect members and policemen following a raid on the hideout of a BH sect leader in the Darmanawa area of Kano State kills seven, including three police officers. Police arrest 14 BH suspects and seize large amount of arms and bombs. Three BH members die in an accidental explosion while assembling home-made bombs in a hideout on the outskirts of Maiduguri.
19 Dec 2011: One suspected BH member dies and two others wounded in an accidental explosion while assembling a home-made bomb in a hideout in Damaturu.
22 Dec 2011: BH bombs in parts of Maiduguri kill 20. Four policemen and a civilian are killed in gun and bomb attacks on a police building in Potiskum, Yobe State. Around 100 are killed following multiple bomb and shooting attacks by BH gunmen and ensuing gun battles with troops in the Pompomari outskirts of Damaturu.
25 Dec 2011: A Christmas Day BH bomb attack on Saint Theresa Catholic Church in Madalla town near Abuja kills 42 worshippers. Three secret police (SSS) operatives and a BH bomber are killed in a suicide attack when the bomber rams his bomb-laden car into a military convoy at the gates of SSS headquarters in Damaturu. A policeman is killed in a botched BH bomb attack on a church in the Ray Field area of Jos, capital of Plateau State.
28 Dec 2011: A bombing and shooting attack by BH on a beer parlour in the town of Mubi, Adamawa State, wounds 15.
1 Jan 2012: President Goodluck Jonathan imposes a state of emergency on 15 local government areas hardest-hit by BH attacks, in Borno, Yobe and Plateau states. He orders the closure of Nigerian borders in the north.
3 Jan 2012: Boko Haram gunmen attack a police station in the town of Birniwa in Jigawa State killing a teenage girl and wounding a police officer.
5 Jan 2012: Six worshippers are killed and 10 others wounded when Boko Haram gunmen attack a church in Gombe city.
6 Jan 2012: Eight worshippers are killed in a shooting attack on a church in Yola. Boko Haram gunmen shoot dead 17 Christian mourners in the town of Mubi in the northeastern state of Adamawa. The victims are friends and relations of one of five people killed in a BH attack on a hotel the previous day.
7 Jan 2012: Three Christian poker players are killed and seven others wounded by BH gunmen in the town of Biu.
9 Jan 2012: Boko Haram gunmen shoot dead a secret police operative along with his civilian friend as they leave a mosque in Biu, Borno State, 200km south of the state capital, Maiduguri. The president says BH has infiltrated the executive, parliamentary and judicial wings of government.
10 Jan 2012: A Boko Haram attack on a beer garden kills eight, including five policemen and a teenage girl, in Damaturu, capital of Yobe State.
11 Jan 2012: Four Christians killed by Boko Haram gunmen in Potiskum, Yobe State, when gunmen open fire on their car as they stop for fuel. The victims had been fleeing Maiduguri to their home town in eastern Nigeria.
13 Jan 2012: Boko Haram kills four and injures two others, including a policeman, in two separate attacks on pubs in Yola (Adawama State) and Gombe city in neighbouring Gombe State.
17 Jan 2012: Two soldiers and four BH gunmen are killed in an attack on a military checkpoint in Maiduguri, Borno State. Soldiers arrest six high-profile BH members in a raid on a sect hideout in the city.
18 Jan 2012: A key suspect in the 2011 Christmas Day bombing in Abuja, which killed more than 40 people, escapes police custody.
Jan 22, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Bauchi, killing 11 people and injuring several others
February 3, 2012: Boko Haram attacked a police station in Kogi State killing four people
March 11, 2012: Boko Haram attacked a church in Jos killing 10 and injuring several others
March 24, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Kano killing two and injuring unspecified number of people
April 8, 2012: Boko Haram attacked another church in Jos killing 20 and injuring several others
April 8, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Kaduna killing 40 and injuring several others
April 25, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Maiduguri Police Headquaters killing seven and injuring many
April 26, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Abuja killing six and injuring several others
April 29, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Bayero University, Kano killing 16 and injuring several others
April 30, 2012: Gunmen attacked Taraba killing 11 and injuring several others
June 3, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Bauchi killing 12 and injuring several others
July 30, 2012: Boko Haram attacked Zaria killing 5 and injuring several others
May 7, 2013: Boko Haram attacked Bama killing 55 and injuring several others
July 6, 2013: Boko Haram attacked Yobe killing 42 people and injuring several others
February 12, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Konduga killing 39 people and injuring several others
February 16, 2014:: Boko Haram attacked a village in Borno killing 90 and injuring several others
February 19, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Bama killing 60 people and injuring several others
February 25, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Buni Yadi killing 59 people and injuring several others
March 1, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Maiduguri killing 51 people and injuring several others
March 1, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Mainokri killing 39 people and injuring several others
April 10, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Bala Balge killing 60 people and injuring several others
April 10, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Dikwa killing 8 people and injuring several others
April 14, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Abuja killing 88 people and injuring several others
May 1, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Abuja killing 19 people and injuring several others
May 5, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Gamboru Ngala killing several people and injuring several others
May 18, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Kano killing 4 people and injuring several others
May 20, 2014: Gunmen suspected to be Boko Haram attacked Jos killing 108 and injuring 56
May 21, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Chikongudo killing 25 people and injuring several others
May 25, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Yobe killing 54 people and injuring several others
May 27, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Borno killing 48 people and injuring several others
May 31, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Kala Balge killing 40 people and injuring several others
June 1, 2014: Boko Haram attacked Mudi killing over 40 people and injuring many others
June 23, 2014: Boko Haram attacked the city Kano killing over 12 people and injuring many others
July 14, 2014: The insurgents descended on Borno killing over 26 people and injuring many others
July 23 2014: The Boko Haram insurgents attacked Kaduna killing about 39 people and injuring many others