James F. Holland, Trailblazing Cancer Researcher, Dies at 92

James F. Holland, Trailblazing Cancer Researcher, Dies at 92 Photo Dr. James F. Holland in an undated photograph. In the 1950s, he and his colleagues were considered research “cowboys” by some colleagues, he said. Credit National Library of Medicine James F. Holland, a founding father of chemotherapy who helped pioneer a lifesaving drug treatment for pediatric leukemia patients, died on Thursday at his home in Scarsdale, N.Y. He was 92.
The cause was respiratory failure, his son Steven said.
Dr. Holland and his medical collaborators in the 1950s were scorned by some colleagues as research “cowboys,” as he put it, because they audaciously tackled what was considered an incurable disease and tried to treat it with several chemicals simultaneously, instead of sequentially.
When their research began, fewer than one in three children who were found to have acute lymphoblastic leukemia lived as long as a year. Today, as many as nine in 10 survive the disease, in which the bone marrow makes t..

The Getaway: Greening Your Summer Vacation

Greening Your Summer Vacation Photo Credit Ojima Abalaka The United Nations has proclaimed 2017 the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development with a goal of promoting positive change in travel with regard to social inclusion, environmental protection and economic equality.
But what does that mean for the everyday traveler planning a summer vacation? Homework. While the United Nations has a roster of forums, talks and conferences on sustainable tourism this year, travelers themselves are left to sort the good practices from the bad, the indifferent or the downright cynical.
“The problem with doing responsible travel trips is that it does take a little bit of work,” said Martha Honey, the executive director of the Center for Responsible Travel (Crest), a nonprofit in Washington. “There’s not one definitive, dependable website where everything is covered. It takes a little investigation, but that can help enrich a trip because you’re learning about the destination as you’r..

A Creationist Wants Rocks to Study. The Grand Canyon Says No.

A Creationist Wants Rocks to Study. The Grand Canyon Says No. Photo Officials at the Grand Canyon are in a dispute with a geologist who is a creationist and wants rocks from the canyon to study. Credit Richard Perry/The New York Times PHOENIX — Did Noah’s flood create the Grand Canyon? Not a chance, say mainstream scientists, who maintain that the canyon’s layers of rocks were carved and chiseled by a persistent flow of water beginning some five million years ago. But Andrew A. Snelling — a geologist by training, a creationist by conviction — has a minority view, and he hoped to prove himself right.
In November 2013, Dr. Snelling — he has a doctorate in geology from the University of Sydney, in Australia, where he was born — asked administrators of Grand Canyon National Park for permission to remove some 60 half-pound rocks from certain areas along the edges of the Colorado River, which snakes through the canyon.
Last July, the administrators denied his request. This month, Dr. Snellin..

Your Money: Seeking Your College Application Essays About Money

Supported by Your Money Seeking Your College Application Essays About Money Photo Credit Ian Thomas Jansen-Lonnquist for The New York Times Did you apply for college this year and write an undergraduate application essay about money, work, social class or related topics? If so, I’d like to see it.
I write the personal finance column for The New York Times, and since 2013 I’ve been collecting as many essays like this as I can find each spring and publishing a handful of great ones in early May. You can read a selection of essays from 2017 here.
What qualifies? A description of your job at McDonald’s is welcome, as are musings on what it’s like to have no earthly idea what you want to be when you grow up. We’ve published stories about the struggles of families who are poor and disquisitions on towns where parents can cover for their children’s recklessness with their cash and connections. Reckoning with wealth (yours or that of others) is welcome, as are all attempts to wrestle with..

Is Women-Only Club the Wing Discriminating in a Bad Way?

Supported by Style Is Women-Only Club the Wing Discriminating in a Bad Way? Photo The Wing, in SoHo. “No Man’s Land” is also the title of the club’s biannual print magazine. Credit Hilary Swift for The New York Times The Wing, the members-only association for women that calls itself “a coven not a sorority,” has presented its clubhouses as impeccably designed safe spaces for women to work, network, nosh, primp and talk politics.
Now, a year and a half after first opening in the Flatiron district of Manhattan, the company is also the subject of an investigation by the New York City Commission on Human Rights for possible discrimination violations, said Seth Hoy, a spokesman for the commission.
According to the commission’s website, its purpose is to enforce the New York City Human Rights Law, which “prohibits discrimination in New York City.” The areas covered by the Human Rights Law include employment, housing and public accommodations.
“We are investigating the Wing after receivi..

Why Can’t Dying Patients Get the Drugs They Want?

Supported by Health Why Can’t Dying Patients Get the Drugs They Want? Photo Nancy Goodman, with her 7-year-old daughter, Sarah Froman, started Kids v Cancer after her son, Jacob Froman, died of cancer at age 10. Credit T.J. Kirkpatrick for The New York Times At first glance, a bill passed by the House of Representatives this week seems like the kind of thing anyone could get behind.
Known as the “Right to Try” legislation, it would allow terminally ill patients access to experimental drugs without the approval of the Food and Drug Administration.
But the bill and a similar one passed last summer by the Senate do little to address the main barrier that patients face in getting unapproved treatments: permission from the drug companies themselves.
In recent years, the arrival of breakthrough drugs for everything from cancer to rare diseases has led to a surge in the number of patients wanting early access to treatments. The pleas — sometimes driven by viral social media campaigns — h..

American Adults Just Keep Getting Fatter

Supported by Health American Adults Just Keep Getting Fatter Photo Public health experts said they were alarmed that efforts to educate people about the health risks of a poor diet do not seem to be working. Credit Mark Lennihan/Associated Press American adults continue to put on the pounds. New data shows that nearly 40 percent of them were obese in 2015 and 2016, a sharp increase from a decade earlier, federal health officials reported Friday.
The prevalence of severe obesity in American adults is also rising, heightening their risks of developing heart disease, diabetes and various cancers. According to the latest data, published Friday in JAMA, 7.7 percent of American adults were severely obese in the same period.
The data — gathered in a large-scale federal survey that is considered the gold standard for health data — measured trends in obesity from 2015 and 2016 back to 2007 and 2008, when 5.7 percent of American adults were severely obese and 33.7 percent were obese. The su..